Studio Glass is popularly known as glass sculpture is the technique to use glass in an artistic medium to produce the sculptures or the 3-D artworks. These glass objects created using this technique are intended to make a decorative statement. If you want to purchase these sculptures then you need to loosen up your pockets to buy them. Some of the best glass sculptures in the world are created using this technique.
The glass sculptures are the functional decorative objects that were developed in Assyria and Egypt. These were invented by Phoenicians. These sculptures were brought to fore Romans. The builders of Gothic and Norman cathedrals of Europe had taken the glass art new heights in middle ages. The stained glass was the major achievement of middle age. But the modern glass art was started as Murano. In 19th century the factory glass blowers were replaced by continuous window glass and mechanical bottle blowing. The 20th century brought the contemporary glass art and the factory workers team started to take glass from the furnaces. Now the modern glass studios use different techniques to create glass artworks that include working with the glass at room temperature, stained glass, cold glass, glass casting, and working glass in torch flame, glass beadmaking, glass fusing, and glass blowing.
How to Make Glass Sculptures
The glass sculpting is the artistic way for bringing out the home décor. This is bit creative and dangerous way for expressing yourself. Here are some of the steps to create glass sculptures. Also take precautions to protect yourself from the glass.
- Collect the ideas for shape and figure and also select the colors that you wish to sculpt. DIY channels, Interior magazines, and other resources will help you to decide.
- You can cut out the figure or design that you want to create or you can even print it offline.
- Choose a spacious and clean area for sculpting. It should be flat and make sure that the area is free from flammable items.
- You should cover your hands with protective gloves and also put on eye goggles to protect your eyes and skin from glass powder
- Cover your arms and other body parts properly. You can wear the apron.
- Use glass torch flame
- You should start with the pieces of glass of your choice. You must hold the glass from one tip and try to touch the glass as little as possible.
- Not put other glass in torch flame.
- Now, just swirl the stick in the flame till you get the ball of glass. The stick figure will deteriorate.
- You can use the graphite paddles for creating base after balls,. Press down firmly to heated balls of glass and make the base for sculpture.
- Heat some more glass sticks for making balls and add base to them.
- You should pre-heat the kiln to 1400-1500 degree Fahrenheit.
- Use glass tweezers to from the glass sculptures. Pull the hot glass with these.
- Sculpting must be done using graphite poles.
- Return to the kiln and now place finished sculptures in it. The heat must be reduced by 90 degrees in every hour. In this way the glass will not crack.
- Now wait till it cool.
Tips and Warnings for Glass Sculpting
- You should avoid sculpting with any flammable material close by
- You must protect eyes and skin in the procedure
- You must clean up the area of work carefully after finishing because there might be glass residue left
- Make sure that there is no children near this procedure
Techniques used for creating glass sculptures
Some of the techniques used for glass sculpting are:
- Glass Blowing: This technique uses the combination of soda lime and sand with coloring agent to produce the raw material that can be melted together with glass to form a molten glass. This glass will be gathered from furnace onto blowpipe. The glassblowers use the air blown into pipe that is combined with movements of glass. This shapes the molten glass quickly. The art glass sculpture is placed in annealing oven, once it is properly shaped. This allows it to cool down slowly. It should not be cooled quickly, if it does, the glass may crack.
- Hot Sculpting: This technique is used when the solid metal rod gathers molten glass from furnace and shapes it with special tools. The actual blowing does not take place in this process. YOU can make larger solid pieces using this technique.
- Cold Working: This technique involves working with the glass when it is in its cold state or in annealed state.